Selasa, 23 Januari 2018

Cognitive strategies are the specific methods that people use to solve problems, including all sorts of reasoning, planning, arithmetic, etc. Importantly, a cognitive strategy need not be all "in the head", but will almost always interact with various aspects of what might be called the "execution context".

Examples


Chapter 10: High-Leverage Practice 5: Metacognitive Strategies ...
Chapter 10: High-Leverage Practice 5: Metacognitive Strategies .... Source : slideplayer.com

A commonly used and elegant example of cognitive strategies comes from small-number addition. There are numerous different ways (i.e., different strategies) by which one can get the sum of two (let's say) one digit numbers, for example 3+4 (=7). The way that most adults would solve this problem is by simply remembering the answer (a "memory" strategy), but a toddler would probably use one of a number of different finger-counting strategies. For example, one can represent the first addend (3) on one's left hand by raising three fingers, and then do the same with four fingers on the right hand, and then count up the number of fingers that are raised. But there are many other ways to do this. For example, one can do the same first step (raise three fingers on one's left hand), and then start counting from 4 as one raises four more fingers one at a time on either the right hand, or even starting from the fourth finger on the left hand (which would require continuing from 6 on the right hand). Different strategies may have very different characteristics in terms of their time and space complexity, memory requirements, etc., and therefore in terms of their error characteristics.

Selection among different strategies


Differentiated Instruction | Center for Development and Learning
Differentiated Instruction | Center for Development and Learning. Source : www.cdl.org

Learning and change


GGGE6533 LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES INSTRUCTIONS PROJECT PAPER ...
GGGE6533 LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES INSTRUCTIONS PROJECT PAPER .... Source : slideplayer.com

Development


Stages of Literacy Development â€
Stages of Literacy Development â€" The Literacy Bug. Source : www.theliteracybug.com

See also


GGGE6533 LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES INSTRUCTIONS PROJECT PAPER ...
GGGE6533 LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES INSTRUCTIONS PROJECT PAPER .... Source : slideplayer.com

  • Cognition
  • Cognitive science
  • Cognitive style
  • Cognitive Styles Analysis

References


Cognition in Context: Students' Perceptions of Classroom Goal ...
Cognition in Context: Students' Perceptions of Classroom Goal .... Source : www.researchgate.net

Further reading


Chapter 10: High-Leverage Practice 5: Metacognitive Strategies ...
Chapter 10: High-Leverage Practice 5: Metacognitive Strategies .... Source : slideplayer.com



 
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